Site welfare Requirements Under CDM 2015

Site welfare Requirements Under CDM 2015

Making sure your construction site has adequate welfare provisions for its workforce is fundamental. Not only does this help in safeguarding the health and safety of the workers, it's a basic expectation.

The provision of toilets, hot and cold water, changing facilities, drinking water and somewhere to eat and rest should all be provided.

Although it's not spoken about as much as the other regulations CDM 2015 does have some specific sections and requirements. 

As mentioned above these requirements include

These welfare facilities include:

  • Sanitary conveniences
  • Drinking water
  • Facilities for rest
  • Washing facilities
  • Changing facilities

You might be more familiar with the Construction (Design & Management) Regulations placing key duties on certain roles, like designers and contractors. 

However, CDM 2015 goes beyond simply duties and provide more specific requirements for construction sites themselves.

 You can find the requirements for welfare facilities tucked away within Schedule 2 of the CDM Regulations 'Minimum welfare facilities required for construction sites'. 

 

The Minimum welfare facilities required for construction sites

Sanitary conveniences

1.— (1) Suitable and sufficient sanitary conveniences must be provided or made available at readily accessible places.
Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 2015

Sanitary conveniences you say? Think toilets, urinals etc. These will be required on any construction site.

The site may have existing toilet facilities that can be used. However, if not portable toilet hire can provide the solution

Toilets and hand washing facilities are a basic requirement that will need to be provided, whether by existing or temporary provision.

Drinking water

This might be a surprise but drinking water must be provided on site.

Drinking water
3.— (1) An adequate supply of wholesome drinking water must be provided or made available at readily accessible and suitable places.
Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 2015

Drinking water should be clearly marked with a sufficient number of cups provided.

Facilities for rest

A place to rest and take breaks should also be provided for your workforce.  This will allow them to get out the cold or wet, or just escape the glare of the sun. Basically, this should be a place they can refuel so they have the energy to stay productive on site, and who doesn't want a productive workforce. 

The CDM regulations also require that restrooms need to be "maintained at an appropriate temperature". This will most likely involve some form of heating during winter and the colder months.

Washing facilities

These may not be required on every site, but for example if you work involved contaminated land or hazardous substances this will be required for health reasons.

So have a careful think about the nature of the work you will carry out on site to determine if washing facilities are needed.

(3) Washing facilities must include—
(a)a supply of clean hot and cold, or warm, water (which must be running water so far as is reasonably practicable);
(b)soap or other suitable means of cleaning; and
(c)towels or other suitable means of drying.
Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 2015

Changing rooms and lockers

If your workers are required to wear special clothing they will need somewhere to change. Thus, changing rooms and lockers will be required.

These should include seating and facilities to dry clothing if needed. There should also be separate facilities for men and women if required. 

You should also provide lockers to any person needing special clothing which is not taken home, or for their own clothes not worn during working hours and personal effects.

Providing welfare facilities

The size of your workforce, the layout of your site and the nature of the work will determine the number, the location and the type of welfare facilities.

It goes without saying you need to make sure you have enough facilities for the number of workers on your site.

Make sure welfare facilities are available throughout the site


Remember, these facilities will be required from day one so it's important all requirements are assessed prior to the commencement of work, within the project planning stages.

Be sure to include details of the welfare facilities you will provide in your construction phase plan or method statement.

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